Low oxygen saturation decreases incidence of ROP, death in low-weight infants

Controlled oxygen administration and improved neonatal care reduced the incidence of severe retinopathy of prematurity and mortality in very low birth weight infants, according to a study. The retrospective study included 1,359 very low birth weight infants treated at one center in Italy from 1999 to 2004 (first group, 545 patients) and 2005 to 2012 (second group, 814 patients). Mean gestational age, birth weight and hospital stay were similar in both groups.

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