Prevalence of Myopia, Hyperopia, and Astigmatism in Non-Hispanic White and Asian Children: Multi-Ethnic Pediatric Eye Disease Study – Corrected Proof

Purpose: To determine the age-, gender-, and ethnicity-specific prevalence of myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism in non-Hispanic white (NHW) and Asian preschool children.Design: Population-based, cross-sectional study.Participants: A population-based sample of 1501 NHW children and 1507 Asian children aged 6–72 months from Los Angeles County and Riverside County, California.Methods: Eligible children underwent an in-home and in-clinic interview and a comprehensive eye examination including cycloplegic autorefraction from 100 census tracts.Main Outcome Measures: The proportion of children with myopia (spherical equivalent [SE] ≤−1.00 diopter [D]), hyperopia (SE ≥ +2.00 D) and cylindrical refractive error ≥1.50 D in the worse eye. The astigmatism type was defined (Read more...)

Full Story →