Prevalence of Vision Disorders by Racial and Ethnic Group among Children Participating in Head Start – Corrected Proof

Objective: To compare the prevalence of amblyopia, strabismus, and significant refractive error among African-American, American Indian, Asian, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic white preschoolers in the Vision In Preschoolers study.Design: Multicenter, cross-sectional study.Participants: Three- to 5-year old preschoolers (n = 4040) in Head Start from 5 geographically disparate areas of the United States.Methods: All children who failed the mandatory Head Start screening and a sample of those who passed were enrolled. Study-certified pediatric optometrists and ophthalmologists performed comprehensive eye examinations including monocular distance visual acuity (VA), cover testing, and cycloplegic retinoscopy. Examination results were used to classify vision disorders, including amblyopia, strabismus, significant (Read more...)

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